Picotls is a TLS 1.3 (RFC 8446) protocol stack written in C, with the following features:
- support for three crypto engines
- "OpenSSL" backend using libcrypto for crypto and X.509 operations
- "minicrypto" backend using cifra for most crypto and micro-ecc for secp256r1
- "fusion" AES-GCM engine, optimized for QUIC and other protocols that use short AEAD blocks
- support for PSK, PSK-DHE resumption using 0-RTT
- API for dealing directly with TLS handshake messages (essential for QUIC)
- supported extensions:
- RFC 7250 (raw public keys)
- RFC 8879 (certificate compression)
- Encrypted SNI (wg-draft-02)
Primary goal of the project is to create a fast, tiny, low-latency TLS 1.3 implementation that can be used with the HTTP/2 protocol stack and the upcoming QUIC stack of the H2O HTTP/2 server.
The TLS protocol implementation of picotls is licensed under the MIT license.
License and the cryptographic algorithms supported by the crypto bindings are as follows:
|Binding||License||Key Exchange||Certificate||AEAD cipher|
|minicrypto||CC0 / 2-clause BSD||secp256r1, x25519||ECDSA (secp256r1)1||AES-128-GCM, chacha20-poly1305|
|OpenSSL||OpenSSL||secp256r1, secp384r1, secp521r1, x25519||RSA, ECDSA (secp256r1, secp384r1, secp521r1), ed25519||AES-128-GCM, AES-256-GCM, chacha20-poly1305|
Note 1: Minicrypto binding is capable of signing a handshake using the certificate's key, but cannot verify a signature sent by the peer.
If you have cloned picotls from git then ensure that you have initialised the submodules:
% git submodule init % git submodule update
Build using cmake:
% cmake . % make % make check
A dedicated documentation for using picotls with Visual Studio can be found in WindowsPort.md.
Developer documentation should be available on the wiki.
Using the cli command
Run the test server (at 127.0.0.1:8443):
% ./cli -c /path/to/certificate.pem -k /path/to/private-key.pem 127.0.0.1 8443
Connect to the test server:
% ./cli 127.0.0.1 8443
% ./cli -s session-file 127.0.0.1 8443
The session-file is read-write. The cli server implements a single-entry session cache. The cli server sends NewSessionTicket when it first sends application data after receiving ClientFinished.
% ./cli -s session-file -e 127.0.0.1 8443
-e option is used, client first waits for user input, and then sends CLIENT_HELLO along with the early-data.
The software is provided under the MIT license. Note that additional licences apply if you use the minicrypto binding (see above).